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0000-00-00

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????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ????????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????:

???? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ????????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????))(????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ?? ??? ????? [??? ?????? 6/360] ???? ??? (16056).).

???????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????????. ???? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? { ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ???}(???? ??????: [ ?????: 13 ].).

???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??????: ((?????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????))(???? ??????: [ ?????: 13 ].).

?????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((???? ???? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ???????: ???? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ????????))(????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? (2287) ????? ??? ??????.).

??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????(??? ?????: {??? ????? ???? ????? ????????} ???? ???????: [?????: 48].)? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??????(??? ?????: {?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???}. ???? ???????: [?????: 38].)? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ???????.

???? ??????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????(??? ?????? ??????: {????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ????????}. ???? ???????: [?????: 82].)? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????(??? ???? ?????: {??? ????? ??? ????????.....} ???? ?????: [ ?????: 4 ].)? ?????? ?? ????(??? ?????: {??? ?????? ???? ??????}. ???? ????????: [?????: 21].)? ??? ???? ?????? ??(??? ?????: {?? ?????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????...}. ???? ????: [?????: 101]? ???? ?????: {?? ?? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????}. ???? ?? ?????: [?????: 190].)? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????: {?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??????}. ???? ?????: [?????: 77] ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((?? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ???)). ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??: ???? [?????] ??? ?????? (1567).).

?? ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????????(??? ?? ?????: ((??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?????)). ???? ??: [?????: 124].).

????? ???? ?? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ??????.

??????? ?????? - ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ???????? - ???? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??????(??? ?????? ??????: {??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??????}. ???? ???????: [?????: 203].).

??????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????: {?? ????? ??? ???? ???????}(???? ?? ?????: [?????: 2].) ??: ????????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ???????(??? ?????: {????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ????????}. ???? ???????: [?????: 82].)? ???? ?????? ????????( ??? ?? ?????: {??? ??????? ??? ????? ????????}. ???? ????????: [?????: 107].)? ????? ?? ????? ???? {?? ???? ???????? ??? ?????}( ???? ???????: [?????: 82].)? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?????

????? ???? ?????: ??????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? {?? ?????? ???}(???? ??????: [ ?????: 10 ].)? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????

??? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ???: ??????? ?????? ??? ?????: {?????? ??????? ?? ????}. ???? ??????: [?????: 5]. ???? ?????? ??? ??????: {??? ?????? ???? ??????} ???? ????????: [?????:21].

???????? ?????? ??????: ((?????? ??? ?? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ???????)) ???? ???????: [?????: 13]. ??? ?????? ??? ???????: {?? ????? ?????? ???? ??????} ???? ???????: [?????: 126].

???????? ???? ??? ????????: {???????? ?? ???? ???????} ???? ?????: [?????: 2]. ???????? ????? ??? ??????: {???? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??????} ???? ???????: [?????: 65]..

???????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????.

??? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??? (???????)? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ???????: ((???? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??))(??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????. ????: ??? ??????? ???? ??? ???????: 3/691? ?????: ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ???????.) ???? ???????: (???? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???)(?????? ??????: 3/691.).

??? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ??? ???????: (?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??????) (????? ????? ???????: 2/250 - ???? ??? ?????? ?????.)

??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??????? (?????? ?? ????).

?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ????????.

????: ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????:

??? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????(??? ?????: {???? ??????? ??? ??????} ???? ???????: [?????: 31].)? ??? ???: (?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ????)?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????: [ ??????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????] ?213 ??? ( 840 ). ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((???? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ????????))(???? ??????? ?? ????? ???? [?????] ??? ?????? (2380).) ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????: ((?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ??))(???? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???????. (??? ??????: 1/290).).

??? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ???(??? ?????: {???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ???????}. ???? ???????: [?????: 157].): ??????? ????? ???? ???????(??? ?????: {???? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????}. ???? ??????: [?????: 173].)? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????(??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((???? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ??????)). ???? ????? ?? ???? [????? ????????] ???? ??? (1955).)? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????.

??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ??????(??? ?????: {??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????}. ???? ?????: [?????: 21]. ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((?? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ????)) ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [??????]? ???? ??? (4779)? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [??????]? ???? ??? (1400).)? ????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ? ???? ?????: {??? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????}( ???? ???????: [?????: 32].)? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ????????.

????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ???? ?????: {?? ???? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????}. ???? ???????: [?????: 90]

????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((?? ???? ????))? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [???????] ???? ??? (4087)? (4088) ??? ???? ?? ???? [?????] ? [???????] ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [???????] ???? ??? (977) ?(1733) ?(2002) ?(2003).

???? (??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?????). ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??? (26094) ???? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? [???????] ???? ??? (3686).)? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???????(??? ?????: {???? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ???????....}. ???? ???????: [?????: 91].)? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ?????????.

??????: ??? ???? ???????:

??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ????????(??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??????....)). ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [??????] ???? ??? (853)? ??? ???? [?????????] ??? (2278)? ?????? ????? ?? ???? [?????] - [???????] - [??????] - [???????]. ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [???????]? ???? ??? (1829).)? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????????(??? ?????: {?????? ??????? ??????? ?????}. ???? ????????: [?????: 8].)? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ????(??? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????)) ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? [??????]? ???? ??? (2178).)? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????.

???????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??))(???? ?????? ????????? ?? ???. (??? ??????: 9/53).)? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??????(??? ?????: ((?? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???)). ???? ??????: [?????: 103].) ??? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??????? (2.5%) ?? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ???????(

?? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ????: ((???? ?? ????? ????? ??? ??????))? ?? ??? ???? ?????: {??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????....} ???? ??????: [?????: 177].

??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? [??????] ??? ?????? (659).

???? ????????? ?? ????? ???????: ?? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??????. ????? ????? {??? ????? ??? ??? ??? ??????...}? ????? ?????? {??? ??????}? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????????.

(??????? ????: ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ????????. ??1/244 ??? ????? - ??2/963 ??? ?????.)

???? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???????(??? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????: ╗?? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????. ?????? ???? ???: 6/158.)? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????.

??????? ??? ?? ?????????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?????: { ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ????? }( ???? ?????: [?????: 9].).

??? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????.

??? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ????????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???: ((?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ????))(???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [??????]? ??? ?????? (1961).).

???????? ????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????: {??????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????...}. ???? ??????: [?????: 36].)? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??????(??? ?????: {?? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?????}. ???? ??????: [?????: 114].)? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((????? ?????? ????? (??? ?????) ?????? ??? ???? ??? ??????))(???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [?????] ??? ?????? (5668) ? (5669). ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [???? ?????? ???????] ??? ?????? (2625).).

?????? ????????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????: ((?? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ????))(????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [?????? ????????] ???? ??? (3288)? ????? [???????] ??? (4053). ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [??????] ???? ??? (1688).).

?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????: ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????: { ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? * ??? ??????? ?? ??? * ???? ???? ?????? * ???? ???? ?????? * ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???? }(???? ?????: [??????: 1-5].).

??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???: ((??? ????? ????? ??? ?? ????)) (???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? [???????] ??? ?????? (224).)? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((??? ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????))(???? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? (????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????: 1/13).) ????? ?? ????: (( ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??????)) (????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????: ((??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????)) (??? ??????: 10/156) ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ((?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?????)) ??? ???? [???????] ??? (228).) ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ?????.

???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ???:(????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????) ???? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??????.

???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ((?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????: ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???: ?????))(???? ???????? ?? ???? [????]? ??? ?????? (2038).)? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????(?? ??? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((??? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ????)) ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [????] ???? ??? (5396)? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??? (1557).)? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????(???? ???? (??? ????? ???? ??? ?????) ????????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?33 ??? ?????.).

????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ???:

?????: ??????? ??????? ????????: ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????. ????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????.

???? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????:

??? ?????: {?????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ??????}(???? ?? ?????: [?????: 135]. ??? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????: ((????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ???: ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????)) ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??? (8493)? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ????)) ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? (??? ??????: 1/428).).

??????: ??????? ?????????? ??? ???????:

???? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????.

?????? ?????? ????????.

??????? ??????? ????????.

????? ?????? ??????.

?????? ?????? ????????.

?????? ?????? ??????

???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((???? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????)). ????? ??????? ?? ???? [???? ??????]? ???? ??? (2018).

????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????)) ????? ??????? ?? ???? [???? ??????]? ???? ??? (2002).

??????: ??????? ??????????: ??? ???????:

???? ??????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???????(??????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????... ??? ??? ??????: ???? ?????: {??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ?????} ???? ???????: [?????: 53]. ?????: {??????? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ????} ???? ?????: [?????: 22].? ?????: {???? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ????} ???? ????: [?????: 34]? ?????: {?????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????} ???? ???????: [?????: 1]. ????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???????)) ???? ??????? ?? ???? [??? ??????? ???????? ??????] ???? ??? (2509).).

???? ???? ????? ???????:

1- ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((?????? ?????? ????))(???? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? [?????? ??????] ???? ??? (2827)? ???? ?????? ((?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????...)). ????? ?? ????? ???? [??????]? ???? ??? (1009).)

2- ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ???????(??? ?????: {???? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??????} ???? ??????: [?????: 86] . ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((????? ?????? ??????)). ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????: (???? ???????: 8/63). ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ?? ??????? ???? ????: ((???? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????)). ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ????[?????????] ???? ??? (5882). ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [???????]? ???? ??? (39).).

3- ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????( ??? ?????: {?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??????}. ???? ?????: [?????: 27].).

4- ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????(??? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((???? ????????? ?? ?????)). ???? ???????? ?? ??? ????? (??? ??????: 3/561). ???? ?????: ((?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?????)) ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??? (21257) ???? ?? ???? ???: ((???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????)) ????? ??????? ?? ???? [?????] ???? ??? (5077). ????? ?? ???? [???? ?????? ???????] ???? ??? (2591). ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????: ((?????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????)) ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????[ ?????] ???? ???? ?? ?????? (????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????: 2/291).).

5- ???????? ???? ??????(??? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((????? ????? ??????? ????????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????)). ???? ???????? ?? ???? [???? ??????] ??? ?????? (2010)? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ???: ???? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((?? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?????)) ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? [???????] ??? ?????? (91).).

??? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????. ?????:

1- ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ???? (???? ?????) ??? ??? ????? ???????(??? ?????: {???? ??????? ??????} ???? ??????: [?????: 3]. ???? ?????: {??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ????} ???? ??????: [?????: 261].).

2- ?????? ??? ??????? (????? ?????) ???? ????? ?????( ??? ?????: ((?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????)) ???? ??????: [?????: 245]? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???????: ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????: ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ???: ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ????)) ????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? [???????] ???? ??? (2431). ).

3- ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????(??? ?????: {??? ???? ??????? ` ???? ???????? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ??????? ???? ??????} ???? ???????: [?????: 26-27].).

4- ??? ???? ?????? ????????(??? ?????: {?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????}. ???? ??????: [?????: 264].).

5- ???????? ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? {??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????}(???? ??????: [?????: 273].).

6- ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ????????(((?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ??....))).

7- ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???????(??? ?????: {?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ` ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????}. ???? ??????: [?????: 278-279].).

8- ??? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??????(??? ?????: {??? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????}. ???? ??????: [?????: 188].).

9- ????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????????(??? ?????: {??? ???????? ` ????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ` ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????} ???? ???????? [??????: 1-3]. ???? ?????: {?????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ????????}. ???? ???????: [?????: 35]. ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????: {??? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????} ???? ???: [?????: 85].).

10- ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????(??? ?????: {??? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????} ???? ??????: [?????: 5].).

??? ??? ???? ??????: ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????(??? ?????: {??????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ????..} ???? ?? ?????: [?????: 103].).

???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??????(??? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((??? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??????)) ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? [???? ?????? ???????] ??? (????? ???????? ????????).).

???? ????????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? {?? ????? ?? ?????}(???? ??????: [?????: 256].)? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ???????? ????????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?????????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ??????(

??? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????0 ??? (????? ??????)? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ???? ???????. ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ??? (14?? ??? ??? (86??) ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ??????? (?????? ?? ??? ?????) ???????? ??? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????????. ???? ??????? ????.. ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????.

????: (??????? ???????? ???? ????: 9/122-125 - ???? ??? ????? ???????).

???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? (???????) ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ???????(????: ?????? ??????? ???? ????: 2/222? ??? ?????? ???? ???????: 3/629.).

??? ???? ??????? ?? ???????: ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ??????: ((????? ?????)) (???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? [???????]? ???? ??? (1250). ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? [???????]? ???? ??? (961).)? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ??: ((??? ?? ?? ???? ???????? ???))? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?????(

??? ??? ????? ????? ?????: {??? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ????...} ???? ??????: [?????: 272] ???? ????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ????: ((?? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ?????)) ????? ?????: {??? ???? ?????...} ????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???????. ??? ???????: ??? ???????: ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??????. (?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????: 3/338). ??? ???? ????????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ???: ????? ???????: 3/338-339? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????????: 2/702 ??? ?????.

???????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????: ((?? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ????))(????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? [?????? ????????] ???? ??? (3388)? ??? ???? [???????] ???? ??? (4053). ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? [??????] ???? ??? (1688).)? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????(

??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? [?? ?????] ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? [???? ????] ????: ???? ?? ????? ????: ?? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ???: ??????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????: ????? ?? ????. ???: ??????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ????: ?? ???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ???: ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ????. (???? ??? ????: 2/278)

??? ??? ?????????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? (??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??????)? ????: ??? ??? ????? ???? [?????] ???? ??? 05224)? ??? ?????? 2/52-53.

??? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????: ??????? ???? ??? ????????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ???????? (???)? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????: (??? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????)(????: ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?120.).

???? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ?? ????.

????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ((??? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? [?????? ?? ?????] ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????))(?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????. ??? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? [???????]? ??? ?????? (3400).).

???? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????

???? ??????? ????????? ????? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????: (??????? ????? ?????)? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???????? ????????? ??? (850 - 750 ?.?)? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????.

???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????????.

???????? ??????? ????????? ???? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????.

???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???????.

???????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????? ???? ????: (???? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ?????)? ??? ???? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ?????. ??? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????????.

??? ??????? ??????? ????????? ??? ??????? ???? ????????:

?????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???:

1- ???? ??????? (??????? ??????)? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????????. ??? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ????????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???????.

?????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????????.

2- ?????? ????????: ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? (?? ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ????????? ????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ?????????) ??? ????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ????????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ????????? (??? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? - ?????? - ??? 1909?)? ????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ????? (?????????)? ?????????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????.

3- ????? ????? ???????:

??? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?? (???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????)( ????: ??????? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ???: 1/284.)? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ??????... ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????.. ????? ????? ??????? ?????????.

??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ?????? ??????.

??? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????: (??? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?? ????).

????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??????.

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