His Eminence’s speech at The Muslim World Conference on the occasion of the 1400th anniversary of revealing the Holy Qur’an
17–19 November 1967
In the name of God,
the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
All praise be to God, the Lord of all worlds. May God’s peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad, his brother prophets and messengers and all those who convey the call of truth after them to the Day of Judgment.
Dear brothers and sisters, I am not exaggerating in any way if I assert, at the beginning of my speech, a fact that you all know, and that each objective, competent and open-minded researcher, who undertakes a comparative study, will reach. This fact is that there is no book, at all times, like the Holy Qur’an, which has been the basis of intellectual and spiritual radiation for human civilisation throughout history. Among its achievements are the building of civilisation and the development of various disciplines of knowledge and science. It is not strange that Napoleon, Emperor of France, was astonished at discovering that Islam conquered, through mercy and guidance, half of the Old World in half a century. Had he studied the Holy Qur’an and its meanings, he would not have been astonished, and his wonder would have faded.
The Qur’anic method of cultivating the mind and purifying the soul is the secret that Napoleon and others were ignorant of. It is the secret that raised backward peoples, saved them from ignorance and paganism, liberated them from oppression and colonisation and joined them all as brothers and sisters regardless of colour or otherwise.
Through the Qur’anic school that cares for mind and soul until they reach wisdom and purity, many nations and peoples of different ethnicities, languages and beliefs turned into the best community ever raised for humankind, unified in hopes and pains, in accordance with the tradition of the Prophet (pbuh), who did not speak of his own accord: ‘Believers are similar to one body in their love, sympathy and feeling for one another. If one part of it feels pain, the whole body suffers from fever and lack of sleep.’ Sahih Muslim.
If we look at the borders of the Muslim world, we find its east at the remotest islands of Indonesia and its west at the suburbs of Paris with the army led by Abdul Rahman Al-Ghafiqi and at the walls of Vienna, which were besieged by the Muslim army led by Muhammad Al-Fatih.
At a time when Islam covers two thirds of Africa with its wings and raises the flag of the Holy Qur’an on the hills of Siberia, we are surprised nowadays to find it penetrating North America and implanting the Holy Qur’an in the hearts of about 8 million African Americans out of 25 millions who are so close to accept Islam that they only need some qualified and open-minded heralds, i.e. callers in the true lively Qur’anic sense, who introduce this religion to them.
Dear brothers and sisters, anyone who reflects on the Muslim world with its widespread borders will indeed discover that, were it not for the Holy Qur’an’s extraordinary care for the mind and heart, great numbers of people would not have embraced Islam, especially in our modern time and particularly in America. Once I met an American Muslim leader who told me that African American Muslims have so far built tens of mosques in northern America.
Whoever considers the need of humans for life sciences and civilisation before the Holy Qur’an was revealed and looks at the great achievements of the Muslim mind under its care and guidance and the way this mind developed by seeking knowledge and wisdom wherever they were; and whoever reads the books of science and knowledge such as medicine, chemistry, agriculture, astronomy, philosophy and other disciplines written in the language of the Qur’an, filled with the thoughts of its followers and taught in the universities of Europe for about six centuries; whoever considers and knows these facts will be certain the Qur’an had a great influence in developing and reviving the human mind.
When people enjoy looking at the gardens of the Holy Qur’an and reflect on its verses, their astonishment will increase, especially when they consider the way Islam creates harmony between faith and reason, and when they recognise how it makes Islamic doctrine a living and practical commitment made evident by advancements and progress in civilisation. More surprisingly, and distinctively from other religions, the Holy Qur’an makes reflection on the universe and the quest for knowing the laws of natural life a great and lofty kind of worship. This feature is found exclusively in Islam where in its lush gardens mind and soul, intellect and emotion, body and soul, religion and state and the present and next life all meet in harmony and coherence, and not in contradiction or chaos.
Dear brothers and sisters, let us listen for a while to the Holy Qur’an, which develops mental abilities and motivates intellectual potential towards knowledge, understanding, science, strength, progress, happiness and glory. It makes out of this motivation a daily prayer that we perform for our Creator five times a day. Muslims, in prayer, draw themselves closer to Allah by enriching their intellect with different disciplines of knowledge. Where does that happen? — During prayer, at the prayer niche, where mind and soul meet in abundant purity, devotion and humility. Almighty Allah says:
“Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, in the alternation of night and day, in the ships that sail the sea with what benefits people, in the water which God sends down from the sky, and with which He revives a land after its death, dispersing over it all manners of creatures, and in the veering of winds and clouds that are employed between sky and earth, surely, there are signs for people who understand.” T.Q., 2:164.
Is not there, when a worshipper recites such a verse in prayer, a motive to study the creation of heavens and to seek knowledge of astronomy? Is not there, in such verses, an urge for Muslims to seek knowledge of the earth’s formation and a clear direction from the Holy Qur’an to know the reasons for the change from night to day? Does not this verse urge Muslims to study sea transportation, the mechanism behind rain and its divine natural laws, biology, and the system of wind movements and the laws that govern it?
This divine revelation urges humans to reflect on these universal systems and asks worshippers to move their minds and intellect from studying the universe and its marvellous laws to the intellectual and scientific search to know its Creator. Is not this an urging from the Holy Qur’an, in every prayer, to seek knowledge and understanding? Is not this a Qur’anic hint to develop our minds and enlighten our thoughts so that humans can reach perfect scientific, intellectual and civilisational maturity?
This Qur’anic method makes prayer, for devoted Muslims, in addition to purifying the soul and cleansing the heart, a universal lesson, both intellectually and culturally, which equips them with different kinds of scientific and intellectual knowledge linked to the powers of the universe and its natural treasures. These treasures could be used for humans’ best interests when they know how to manage them.
Dear brothers and sisters, let us also listen to the Holy Qur’an developing the industrial thinking of Muslims when they recite it even in prayer. Almighty Allah addresses His two prophets David and Solomon saying:
“And We made the iron soft for him, saying, ‘Make perfect coats of mail, balancing well the rings of chain armour, and work you all righteousness. Verily, I am All-Seeing of what you do.’ And to Solomon We made the wind obedient, its morning was a month’s journey, and its afternoon was a month’s journey (i.e. in one day he could travel a two-month journey). And We caused a fount of molten brass to flow for him.” T.Q., 34:10–12.
He also says:
“They worked for him what he desired, making elevated chambers (or places for worship), images, basins as large as reservoirs, and cooking cauldrons fixed in their places. Work you, O family of David, gratefully! But few of My servants are grateful.” T.Q., 34:13.
Do not these verses remind us of the prophets and their knowledge of minerals, melting them and manufacturing them for military and civilian purposes? The Holy Qur’an tells us how Prophet Solomon used fast flight in his travels after God subjugated the air for him. Even though the Holy Qur’an does not clarify the nature of this subjugation, reciting these verses in and out of prayer is a hint for Muslims to awaken their mental, intellectual, scientific and practical abilities and use them to revive and establish vibrant industries. This constitutes a wonderful intellectual motivation to enrich our minds and direct them towards all kinds of industry. Having clarified that, it is not strange if we say that such verses might be the motivation behind the world’s first attempt at flying by a Muslim called Abbas bin Firnas.
With regard to developing agriculture and irrigation, the chapter of Sheba fulfils this need. It mentions the great dam of Ma’rib which was 800 cubits in length, 35 cubits in height and 150 cubits in width. It used to provide water for about 300 km2 of land. These numbers come from a study a century ago, unfortunately not done by Muslims but by Europeans. The study proved that the Ma’rib dam turned the barren desert, before Islam, into gardens that brought wealth, stability and welfare. Recent and ancient studies have discovered that the Yemeni Kingdom of Sheba had hundreds of dams.
The Holy Qur’an tells us that Allah deprived the people of Sheba of that bounty and welfare when they showed ingratitude and disbelief in Him. They rejected His intellectual and practical methods, so their gardens turned back into desert, their houses into ruins, their orchards into barren land and their freedom into humiliation and colonisation.
Are Muslims right, after all this, if they turn such verses into stories to amuse their children? Shouldn’t they take them as a motive to strengthen their research to enable them to care about agriculture and irrigation by building dams to store rain in countries that have no rivers or springs, turning the land, through the planning of the Qur’an, from barren deserts into fruitful gardens and verdant fields, vibrant with life, joy, bliss and wealth, and having rivers flowing beneath?
Dear brothers and sisters, with regard to the Qur’anic teaching concerned with warfare and the concept of jihad (struggle) for Allah’s sake, we find it demonstrated by many unprecedented Muslim figures. This teaching gives a Muslim soldier a special and powerful spirit that sees real life in martyrdom and honour after death on the battlefield. Some of the verses that belong to this teaching are as follows:
“If there are twenty of you who persevere patiently, they will defeat two hundred, and if there are a hundred of you, they will defeat a thousand of the disbelievers.” T.Q., 8:65.
“So do not become weak against your enemy nor be sad, for you will be superior in victory if you are true believers.” T.Q., 3:139.
“Do not consider those killed in God’s cause to be dead; no, they are alive, with their Lord, enjoying His provision.” T.Q., 3:169.
Are these verses meant to be blessed by mere recitation without reflection on their meanings? They are hints and motives for Muslims to develop and enrich their mental faculties in the field of fighting oppressors and greedy colonisers.
Dear audience, what do the following verses mean?
“Do they not reflect on camels, how they are created? And on the sky, how it is raised high? And on the mountains, how they are fixed firm? And on the Earth, how it is spread out?” T.Q., 88:17–20.
“Say: ‘Behold all that is in the heavens and on earth.’” T.Q., 10:101.
Are not these verses and their like a kind of inspiration to develop Muslims’ mental abilities and to encourage them to study zoology, geology and astronomy, and from them to make a bridge that leads us to know Allah through His creative design and to please our eyes and souls by reflecting on His laws?
Does not the Holy Qur’an invite us to reflect on the precise divine creation and the artistic and beautiful nature designed by Divine Providence? Do we not find relief, pleasure and tranquillity by doing so, filling the soul with joy, nurturing the nerves and giving them relief and composure?
We also notice that the Holy Qur’an strongly criticises those who think that religion contradicts life’s delicacies, delights, beauty and decoration and who want to make religion a tool for misery, deprivation and asceticism. Is not there in this honourable verse a clear call to Muslims to enjoy the beauty of life and a condemnation of those who want it to be miserable and dull? Almighty Allah says:
“Say: ‘Who has forbidden the adornment of God which He has brought forth for His servants, and wholesome, delicious and lawful kinds of provision?’ Say: ‘They are for the believers, in the life of this world, but exclusively for them on the Day of Resurrection.’” T.Q., 7:32.
Then let us listen, brothers and sisters, to those verses which call Muslims to enjoy the beauty of nature and the magic of its splendour and adornment. Almighty Allah says:
“Or, who created the heavens and the earth, and sends you down rain from the sky, with which We cause wonderful gardens to grow, full of beauty and delight? It is not in your ability to cause the growth of their trees. Is there any god besides Allah? Nay, but they are a people who swerve from justice [by ascribing equals to Him].” T.Q., 27:60.
“And the earth! We have spread it out, set on it mountains standing firm and made every lovely species grow there as a means of enlightenment and a reminder for every servant who frequently turns to God [in repentance].” T.Q., 50:7–8.
“It is He who sends down rain from the sky, and with it We bring forth vegetation of all kinds, and out of it We bring forth green stalks, from which We bring forth thick clustered grain. And out of the date-palm and its spathes come forth clusters of dates hanging low and near, and orchards of grapes, olives and pomegranates, each similar [in kind or shape] yet different [in variety and taste]. Look at their fruits when they begin to bear, and the ripeness thereof. Verily! In these things there are signs for people who believe.” T.Q., 6:99.
Let us reflect on the part which says:
“Look at their fruits when they begin to bear, and the ripeness thereof. Verily! In these things there are signs for people who believe.”
Dear brothers and sisters, were not these verses and the like the motive for Muslims to benefit from permissible pleasures and to enjoy watching the beauty of nature, its decoration and the grandeur of its divine creativity? However, we should transcend all this to the source of that beauty, perfection and creativity, namely Allah (glorified be He). Such verses teach Muslims that religion combines the pleasures of both body and soul, and of the life of this world and the Hereafter so that they can live in an earthly paradise before living in that of the Hereafter.
Let us carry on with our journey to see how a Muslim’s mental powers develop in history through the Qur’anic academy. What do we find?
We find a study of the different situations that afflicted many ancient peoples, like their rise and fall, victory and defeat, and progression and retrogression. Every day, during and out of prayer, we study history, and the teacher is the Creator of history, the Creator of peoples and tribes, who honours us by His teaching. This Teacher is the Designer of galaxies and nebulae, the Inventor of the limitless worlds and the Maker of their magnificent, sophisticated laws and precise mechanisms. Are not these examples that Allah provided in history a living academy, from which we can graduate as international teachers? With these teachings, we can build our community to measure up to the best global levels, raise our people to the morals of angels, equip them with all disciplines of knowledge and science, and guard them against dangers and hardships. Thus, our community will be the guide and educator of nations, consequently deserving this grand divine praise:
“You are the best community evolved for humankind.” T.Q., 3:110,
“So that you be witnesses over peoples.” T.Q., 2:143.
Is not this historical global education of Islamic thought implied in this verse and the many others like it in the Holy Qur’an? Time is not enough to mention all verses, so I will remind you of just one. Almighty Allah says:
“Do they not travel in the land, and see how those before them ended up? They were superior to them in strength, and they tilled the land and populated it in greater numbers than these have done, and their Messengers came to them with indisputable evidence. It was not God who wronged them; rather, they wronged themselves.” T.Q., 30:9.
Dear brothers and sisters, I am sure you remember the first verse revealed of the Holy Qur’an addressing the first Muslim and those after him saying:
“Read in the name of your Lord who has created.” T.Q., 96:1.
Then it was followed by a second chapter which the Revealer of the Qur’an started by swearing by the inkpot, the pen and writing:
“By the inkpot, the pen and that which they write! You are not, by the grace of your Lord, a madman.” T.Q., 68:1–2.
Is not this a recommendation from the Holy Qur’an and an inspiration to Muslims to awaken their intellectual powers so that they use their abilities to eradicate illiteracy, and revive sciences and preserve them by writing and publishing?
If we want to examine the verses of the Holy Qur’an which were revealed to wake up the mind from its ignorance and sleep, we will not be able to do so in such a short time. Maybe it is enough to remind you that the Qur’anic verses which urge Muslims by saying, “that you may reflect” or “Do not you reflect!” exceed fifty in number. They are present especially in those verses that condemn those who ignore their minds, disable them and deprive them of the means of reasoning until they freeze up. As Allah says in the Holy Qur’an:
“Have not they travelled through the land, so that their hearts may understand and their ears may hear? Verily, it is not the eyes that grow blind, but it is the hearts which are in the breasts that grow blind.” T.Q., 22:46.
“Verily! The worst of [moving] living creatures with God are the deaf and the dumb, those who understand not.” T.Q., 8:22.
Let us look into the Qur’anic verses containing the various examples that urge Muslims to walk on the earth and reflect on the universe, and request them to think, take morals from events and benefit from their historical lessons. Let us also follow up those verses that focus on opening the eyes and minds, warning against ignorance or negligence, and offering benefit from the experiences and knowledge of those who came before us, such as the verse which says:
“They are the ones whom God guided. So follow their guidance.” T.Q., 6:90.
If we do all that, it will be clearly evident to us that the outcome and goal is to develop our intellectual powers. The Holy Qur’an aims at making a Muslim mature, open-minded, mentally sound and clear-sighted.
When we know, in addition to the previous qualities, that the Holy Qur’an obliges us to obtain and practise good morals and manners, we will discover the secret behind turning a Muslim into a distinguished statesman and world personality.
It has been proved to the world, with the agreement of many objective scholars and philosophers, that a Muslim who acquires the Qur’anic education has proved his worth, thanks to the Qur’anic care of the mind and purification of the soul, to become a world statesman and victorious leader. This Qur’anic education produces an honest and fair judge, an inventor, a scientist, a soldier who only knows victory or martyrdom, an engineer who does not only constructs buildings but also builds a civilised community of great minds, strong hearts and souls. As an Arab poet said:
He builds men and others build villages.
What a difference between villages and men!
In addition, this engineer, through the Qur’anic education to the mind and intellect, can establish a virtuous and happy world, and achieve the goal for which Allah sent His Prophet, Muhammad.
“We have not sent you except as a mercy for all creation.” T.Q., 21:107.
The Holy Qur’an has proved that it has the biggest share, thanks to its scholars, in producing historical personalities and successful, global guides in all fields of life, civilisation, progress and knowledge. This fact made Claude Farier, a western author, lament and pity humanity, announcing thunderously and loudly that Charles Martel’s victory over Abdul Rahman Al-Ghafiqi’s army in France in 732 CE caused the spirit of reform and civilisation to be delayed by eight centuries.
The Holy Qur’an, with its true intellectual education, which encourages all disciplines of the universal sciences to be pursued, has been able to establish true human civilisation, whose seedling was planted by early Muslims.
Then for some reason, Muslim minds became separated from the Qur’anic intellectual nourishment, causing Islamic thought to freeze and fade, which deprived Muslims of the honour of completing the building of civilisation.
Western people continued the building of civilisation until it reached its apex in our modern times, owing a great debt in developing and educating their intellect to the Muslim scientific books in Andalusia, Baghdad, Damascus and Cairo.
Objective western scientists have not forgotten to acknowledge this truth. For example, the famous French historian, Louis Sédillot, in a book that took him twenty years to write, in which he researched the history of the Arabs, Muslims, their great civilisation and enormous scientific production, wrote:
“Muslims spread science, knowledge, progress and modernity east and west when Europeans were drowning in the ignorance of the Dark Ages. The Arabs and Muslims, with their scientific inventions, were the ones who laid down the pillars of civilisation and knowledge, in addition to their scientific efforts and discoveries in medicine, astronomy, history, chemistry, pharmacy, botany, agricultural economy and other disciplines and sciences, which we Europeans inherited from them, making them indeed our teachers.”
We need not tire ourselves out in searching for the proofs in the Holy Qur’an’s favour that it developed and awakened the human mind to work and produce. Not only that, we can additionally say that the Holy Qur’an is plainly the biggest factor in producing the civilised, scientific, global and angelic intellect, which was and still is the wish of humanity. Renowned scientists and politicians, east and west, have acknowledged this undoubted truth on many occasions. Their acknowledgments have been clear all over the world, denoting that the Qur’an was not revealed except for this purpose. Almighty Allah says:
“[Here is] a Book (the Qur’an) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings that they may ponder over its Verses, and that people of understanding may take heed.” T.Q., 38:29.
He also says:
“Thus God makes clear to you His Signs in order that you may give thought to this worldly life and to the Hereafter.” T.Q., 2:219–220.
Our enemies have known that the Holy Qur’an is a book of intellect, soul, knowledge and progress at a time we were ignorant of that. They have tried with all their devilish means to anaesthetise us and distance us from it to prevent us from developing our minds and intellect with its divine nourishment. We, in turn, have added to that by restricting the Holy Qur’an, as a source of blessings, to its mere recitation or to reciting it over dead people, as if we were making it a condition that no mind should reflect on its verses. We are doing all this despite most Qur’anic verses pushing us to gain knowledge and develop the powers of the mind and soul whereas the verses concerning ritualistic acts of worship such as fasting, prayer and pilgrimage number no more than 500.
On the other hand, the Qur’anic verses pertaining to science and reflection on the stars, space, the earth’s layers and treasures, plants and animals are many. The Holy Qur’an is also full of verses that direct our minds towards studying wisdom, building thriving communities and establishing an advanced Muslim state. Unfortunately, I see that we have distanced ourselves from reflecting on such verses and translating them into actions, similar to what the Samiri did (in the story of Moses and the calf) when he distanced himself from people. As Allah tells us:
“Your [punishment] in this life will be that you will say, ‘Touch me not’ (i.e. you will live alone exiled away from people).” T.Q., 20:97.
Thus, we have achieved the goals of our enemies, and we are considered to be among those who have believed in some parts of the Qur’an and rejected the rest. This has led to our backwardness, weakness and our lagging behind thriving and developed nations. We have indeed reached such a state, despite having thousands of mosques, religious schools, and scholars of different sciences, such as syntax, morphology, jurisprudence, resources and deduction of legislation, the Hadith (words, actions, approvals and description of the Prophet) and Qur’anic interpretation.
We have reached a situation in which Zionism, with the support of colonialism, has taken over the Holy City of Al-Quds (Jerusalem), the first qiblah (direction of prayer) and the third holiest site for Muslims. However, the full Zionist plot is to take over the tomb of your Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and seize the alleged property of the Jews of Bani Quraiza. This weakness of ours and its consequences arose because we failed to understand the Holy Qur’an and the nature of its true scholars. These scholars, if I may truly call them that, are the engineers, builders and designers of the Muslim personality in mind, intellect, soul and morality. They transform society and influence thinking both nationally and internationally.
Dear brothers and sisters, the world today is threatened with destruction and annihilation because of the dispute between the East and West and the destructive nuclear weapons they possess. The link between the present world and God has been weakened. This weakness has started to influence the Muslim world. For hundreds of years now, the Muslim world, with a frozen Islam and intellect and a neglected Qur’an, has not been able to offer more than rituals such as prayers, fasting, pilgrimage and charity despite the horrifying deterioration of Muslims and the imminent danger on Islam. Is not this deterioration a natural result of the way we deal with the Holy Qur’an? Does it not correspond to the following Qur’anic warning:
“Do you believe in a part of the Scripture and reject the rest? The reward for those among you who behave like this is nothing but disgrace in the life of this world.” T.Q., 2:85?
Is our Islam the same that conquered countries, guided people to goodness, civilised them and revived science? Is it the one that established the world Muslim State? Is not our faith charged, according to the Holy Qur’an, with spreading guidance and mercy all over the world?
Dear brothers and sisters, I think you agree with me that true Islam is the one practised by the rightly guided caliphs and the victorious leaders. That is the international Islam to whose global results the Holy Qur’an points out when it says:
“We have not sent you except as a mercy for all creation.” T.Q., 21:107.
What we all should know — and what I want to repeat in this conference — is that if we continue in the same situation, our celebration and conference should be seen as a funeral ceremony in which we weep and offer condolences on losing the honour and glory of Muslims. However, if we want it to be a proactive conference that results in action that returns the Holy Qur’an to its greatness and glory, which is about to fade from our souls and lives (God forbid), we have to work on planning to build those institutes that produce the Qur’anic engineers who directly work on rebuilding Islam as a new, strong, attractive and dynamic force. This vibrant Islam can, in turn, bring the world back to wellbeing, brotherhood and security.
Dear brothers and sisters, this great project cannot be achieved except by two powers coming together and cooperating. These powers are knowledge and government: scholars and rulers. It is narrated that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said, ‘Islam and authority are two twins, neither of which can be sound without the other. Islam is a foundation and authority is a guard. Whatever has no foundation collapses, and whatever has no guard gets lost.’ Musnad Al-Dailami.
Muslims working on producing experts and scholars of the Holy Qur’an by building mature minds and active ideas, and specialists in morals and purification of the soul can prepare the new generation as a mercy for their community and for the world in general. Thus, Muslims can produce the Qur’anic ‘bomb’ — the bomb of knowledge, civilisation and morality that will result in goodness, love, mercy, brotherhood and peace.
From this podium, I issue the call of Islam and the Qur’an to all leaders of Arab and Muslim countries and to all Muslim scholars to exert their best efforts as soon as possible to realise this project, the fruits of which the Prophet gave glad tidings of when he said, ‘The best of my community is its first and last, and in its middle there is a deviation.’ Nawader Al-Usul.
Hence, harmony would be complete between the mosque and the university, the mind and the soul and this life and the afterlife. Then we will also witness reconciliation between the sciences of jurisprudence, the Qur’anic exegesis and the Prophet’s traditions and the sciences of chemistry, physics, geology, etc. Consequently, we will find the minarets of mosques hugging the chimneys of factories. When we reach this stage, we can recite Allah’s Book joyfully, exemplifying the verse which says:
“Then, the believers will rejoice with God’s victory.” T.Q., 30:4–5.
At that time, we will reap the delicious fruits of the Qur’an, believe in ourselves and make the world believe in us when we say:
“Glory and honour belong to God, His Messenger and to the believers.” T.Q., 63:8.
We will, then, see ourselves deserving Allah’s words:
“You are the best community ever raised for humankind.” T.Q., 3:110
“To be witnesses over people.” T.Q., 2:143.
To this Qur’anic conference, which I consider as one of planning and engineering to rebuild and renew the world, the mind and the Islamic jurisprudence, and to its organisers I offer my sincere thanks for giving Syria the chance to participate in these Islamic studies.
May God give success to you all.
All praise be to God, the Lord of all worlds.
(T.Q. = Translation of the meanings of the Holy Qur’an)
(pbuh = May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, and may Allah exalt his mention and raise his position more and more)